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Satellite technology unites Kenyans against bush fires

first_imgConservation Solutions, Dry Forests, early warning, Fires, Forests, Mapping, Monitoring, Remote Sensing, satellite data, Sensors, Technology, Wildtech The Eastern and Southern Africa Fire Information System (ESAFIS), an online application developed in Kenya, uses MODIS satellite information to detect bush fires in eastern Africa.The freely available app maps and categorizes bush fires in near-real time and shows details of each fire , including the time it was detected, its location with respect to towns and protected areas, and its relative intensity.By providing an early fire warning system, the system helps forest management authorities respond to fires in their early stages and prioritize limited resources to fire hotspots. NYERI, Kenya – It took nine hours for Margaret Wanjugu and neighbors to put out a fire that razed Gathorongai forest near her home in central Kenya, in 2016. She would not like to go through such an experience again, and for a good reason.Not only did the mother of two nearly lose her herd of goats, which were grazing in the forest, but elephants escaping the fire raided her field of potato plants, leaving her without a harvest.“No help came from forest officers working here,” Wanjugu said. “We improvised and used twigs to put out the fire.”Margaret Wanjugu leading her herd of goats home from Gathorongai forest in central Kenya, where they were grazing. The forest is prone to unexpected fire outbreaks that threaten farmers and wildlife alike. Image by David Njagi for Mongabay.Like thousands of farmers living near conservation areas in Kenya, Wanjugu lives in fear of Gathorongai forest catching fire. These communities lack an early warning system, relying on crude methods, like seeing smoke, to know of a fire outbreak.Recently, a technology developed by the Regional Center for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD), a government agency based in Nairobi, has begun helping troubled Kenyans like Wanjugu with early detection of bush fires in conservation areas.RCMRD’s Eastern and Southern Africa Fire Information System (ESAFIS) web application is a free and open-source service used in all conservation and protected areas in Kenya and 10 other eastern African countries.Detecting fire intensityThe ESAFIS system senses fire outbreaks using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer (MODIS) satellite at RCMRD, according to Byron Anangwe, the business development officer there.“When we get high temperature values at any particular point, we estimate that as a fire,” Anangwe said. “We mostly target game reserves and forests.”The system then posts this information on its website for users, including Kenya Wildlife Services (KWS) and Kenya Forest Service (KFS), to access. These institutions can then engage communities to prevent its spread, says Anangwe. Any individual with internet access can also use the service by visiting the website.Screenshot of the ESAFIS home page map with icons designating fire hotspots across eastern Africa. Image by Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD).“We are experts at the science,” Anangwe said, “and so our role is to empower national governments, communities and the private sector to prevent fire outbreaks in national reserves and protected areas.”Anangwe says the ability of ESAFIS to show details of each fire point has helped foresters better contain bush fires. For instance, in January 2017, at the height of a prolonged drought, ESAFIS helped to detect and track fire outbreaks at the Aberdare Forest Reserve.The website opens with a map that shows recent fire hotspots detected by the system in eastern Africa, categorizing them from low to extreme intensity. At the time of filing this story, for instance, the app showed a fire outbreak around the Lake Turkana region in northwestern Kenya.Clicking on a fire icon on the map causes a pop-up to appear with the time the fire was detected, its temperature (in Kelvin, subtract 273 degrees to get Celsius!), and its location. It also identifies the nearest towns and protected areas, , in this case the South Turkana National Reserve and Nasolot National Reserve, as well as the towns of Lokichar and Kaputirr.A pop-up menu describing the fire in northwestern Kenya, near Lake Turkana, shows several characteristics of the fire obtained from MODIS satellite data. Image obtained from ESAFIS website.Anangwe says ESAFIS produces high-resolution images and has an accuracy range of about two kilometers in the areas under investigation. Users can subscribe to the ESAFIS web app and receive real-time alerts of fire outbreaks in their country or conservation area of interest as soon as the data is captured by satellite, he adds.“Everything about the system is informed by data gathered using satellite surveillance,” Anangwe said, adding that the service must work with communities for it to be effective in fighting bush fires. One limitation is the map-heavy app may overburden slower rural internet networks.Importance of early detectionWanjugu had not heard about ESAFIS. At her village, residents often rely on word of mouth to pass information about the safety of lands around Gathorongai forest, which often arrives too late to prevent the spread of fire within such marginalized communities.A wide angle view of the leeward side of the Mt. Kenya forest ecosystem. Fire outbreaks on this side of the mountain are common due to prolonged dry spells. Image by David Njagi for Mongabay.But David Mwanzia has. Mwanzia is the ecosystem conservation manager at KFS’s Nyeri Forest station in central Kenya. A no-smoking sign at the entrance to his office alerts a visitor of the danger reckless disposal of cigarette butts can pose to the fragile ecosystem there. But a fire engine truck parked at the compound assures visitors that his team of foresters are aware and ready to battle bush fires.“Fire outbreaks here are very common,” said Mwanzia. “They are very dangerous, but my team is always on alert to prevent their spread.”Mwanzia says the December to January season is the most prone to fire outbreaks there, but  ESAFIS’ early sensing is helping his teams respond more effectively.“Our staff do not go on leave at this time of the year,” Mwanzia said. “They are positioned to take immediate action when we receive a fire outbreak alert.”What causes the fires in the first place?Wanjugu said the Gathorongai forest fire ignited after a burning cigarette butt was recklessly thrown on the forest floor.Farmers burning farm waste in preparation of the planting season in central Kenya. When left unchecked such fires can spread into forests and raze acres of the natural ecosystem. Image by David Njagi for Mongabay.Stephen Korinko of the Kimana Conservancy in southern Kenya says local communities, and their slash and burn system of agriculture in particular, are to blame for most fire outbreaks. With this system, says Korinko, pastoralists set bushes on fire just before the rainy season to clear the aging vegetation so that when it rains, fresh fodder can sprout.For instance, he said, a fire that razed hundreds of acres along the wildebeest migratory corridor in the Serengeti in July 2018 was linked to the slash and burn system.Additional dangers of bush fires“The fires can spread to uncontrollable levels, especially when there are strong winds,” Korinko said. “Displaced wild animals often attack and kill people’s livestock, leading to a lot of tensions.”Wildfires also pump carbon into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change, says David Ngugi, a retired professor based in Nairobi. According to Ngugi, fires destroy trees that absorb carbon from the atmosphere and lead to the extinction of some tree species which might not be able to grow back once they are burned.“Fires also cause landscapes and ecosystems to change from forests to grasslands and shrubs,” Ngugi said.Members of the Atiriri Bururi Ma Chuka community conservation group from central Kenya showing some of the indigenous tree species that are continuously threatened by fire outbreaks. Image by David Njagi.Not all bush fires are bad, however, especially those that do not burn too long, says Mbeo Ogeya, a researcher at the Stockholm Environmental Institute (SEI). Bush fires, Ogeya says, are a natural process – nature’s way of removing dying or dead material from habitats. This process allows valuable nutrients to return to the soil, enabling regeneration and a new beginning for plants and animals.Ogeya says that ESAFIS can assist conservation work because it can distinguish between less intense, potentially useful, bush fires and extremely intense bush fires that are more harmful. By sensing fires in their early stages, ESAFIS can help resource managers respond appropriately, according to KWS spokesman Paul Gathitu.It also reduces the cost of hiring personnel to scout for fire outbreaks, adds Mwanzia, the KFS officer. At the Aberdare Forest Reserve, Mwanzia has had to hire and deploy rangers to patrol the forest and report back immediately once they spot a suspicious fire threat. The skills of these rangers could otherwise be applied to reforestation, guarding the reserve against illegal logging, or other activities. But the continued threat of fire outbreaks pressures him to allocate more resources to these patrols because fires are more destructive than logging, he says.“The government and public are giving a lot of attention to logging and neglecting bush fires,” Mwanzia said. “Yet a single fire outbreak can clear hundreds of acres of forest and can take a week to put out.”no smoking sign at the ecosystem conservation offices in Nyeri central Kenya warns a visitor that the threat of fire outbreaks is real. The office serves as a deployment base to fight off fire outbreaks Aberdare Forest Reserve. Image by David Njagi for Mongabay.He adds the Aberdare region is on high alert from December 2018 to February 2019 because this is the peak period of fire outbreaks, but that ESAFIS is making these threats easier to manage.However, not all conservation staff are aware of ESAFIS. Julius Lokinyi, a ranger at the Samburu National Reserve, still relies on scouting and patrols to ensure the safety of that ecosystem. In 2013, Lokinyi stopped being a poacher in 2013 and has dedicated himself to conservation. He says bush fires are a big challenge there and are often ignited by poachers to distract rangers from their (poachers’) trail.Over time, Lokinyi and his team of community volunteers have learned to turn this diversion into an opportunity, enabling them to tackle the twin threats of fires and poaching with precision.“When the poachers light a fire at a particular location, we know they will be active at a site which is the opposite direction to our patrol sites,” Lokinyi said. “So we deploy two teams, one to put out the fire and the other to track the criminals.”He would like to make ESAFIS available to his team, adding that: “It can make our work easier and more fun.” Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Article published by Sue Palminterilast_img read more

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Mindful Growth in the Workplace

first_imgIn the last two decades, there have been thousands of studies released about the benefits of mindfulness. These benefits range from stress relief and mental well-being, to focus, creativity, and productivity. Here are some ways you can put mindfulness into action in your workplace.Mindful confidence is important at work because the metrics you use to evaluate your confidence directly affect the way you act and interact with others at work. One way to visualize this is through the mindfulness concept called “Circle of Concern/Circle of Control” (see image below). The Circle of Concern is filled with things that you cannot control, such as the weather and what people think of you. On the other hand, the Circle of Control is filled with things that you can control, such as how you respond to situations or the actions you take. Healthy and mindful confidence means shifting your confidence to rely less upon items found within the Circle of Concern and more upon those in the Circle of Control. If your sense of confidence is based on looking smart in meetings or how often you get promoted, your confidence will forever be subject to the ups and downs of life. For example, one year you get promoted, the next you get passed over. Or your perhaps your confidence spirals if you accidentally say something ‘stupid’ in a meeting.Imagine you are an early-in-career employee walking into a meeting. You are the most junior person there, and the least familiar with the technical concepts. However, you can still walk in with a sense of confidence because you know that you can always contribute with your curiosity, listening, or compassion. This way, your confidence is rooted in your internal qualities, which you can always control and choose to apply in any situation. Your self-worth is not based upon others perception of your skills or experience. As a result, you can openly contribute to any scenario.Mindful confidence is even more important for leaders and managers in an organization. When a manager is leading a meeting, it is easy to tell whether their confidence is based in survival instincts or in their values. A leader in “survival mode” will care most about “saying the right thing”, the approval of others, looking good, being liked, being “right”, being seen as smart or in control. Their confidence rises and falls by the judgments of others – particularly their superiors – and they are in a constant chase for things that are out of their control. Through mindfulness training, a leader can learn to notice when they fall into survival mode, and to remind themselves of their values – i.e. being of service to their goal, being the person who makes sure all voices are heard, being someone who approaches each problem with curiosity and an open mind. Moving confidence out from the Circle of Concern into the Circle of Control opens up a whole new way of being. When a leader roots themselves in their values, it no longer matters to them how they look or who is right – they free themselves from being judged by others and thereby take back control.“The chief task in life is simply this: to identify and separate matters so that I can say clearly to myself which are externals not under my control, and which have to do with the choices I actually control. Where then do I look for good and evil? Not to uncontrollable externals, but within myself to the choices that are my own…” – EpictetusIf you lead a team at work, pause and think about the values and aspirations you hold for your team. HR professionals can encourage and coach leaders, managers, and employees to be more mindful. Helping people to understand what activities and behaviors are in the circle of control and how to widen that circle to include more. Mindful confidence is a particularly useful skill to develop in new leaders and for early-in-career employees. Mindfulness in general is great to consider for individuals and teams under schedule pressure or in ambiguous situations. There is a lot of value to understanding – being mindful – of what’s in your circle of control.In your meetings today, can you find a place to realign the confidence of the team away from how they are being judged and towards the strengths they have developed through their hard work? Where is a place in your daily life that you can realign some of the foundations of your confidence away from the things you cannot control to the things you can?last_img read more

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Stanford’s JavaScript-based Computer Science 101 Materials Available Online for Free

first_imgGrowing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid Tags:#hack#How To 7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… Related Posts klint finleycenter_img How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? The website for Stanford University’s Computer Science 101 contains lecture notes and interactive JavaScript exercises, and is available for free to the public. The exercises can be completed within the browser.The technology used to create the in-browser exercises is discussed here.The course material includes lessons on:An introduction to codeImages and image reading codeFor loopsIf statementsComputer hardwareSoftware developmentEthernet packets, TCP/IP and routingHTML and other Web technologiesStructured table dataLoop nestingDigital mediaAnalog vs. digital signalsComputer securityThe economics of technologyMIT also has open courseware for its Python-based Introduction to Computer Science and Programming available here.The HTML version of the book Eloquent JavaScript also provides an interactive, Web-based introduction to computer science and JavaScript. You can find more resources for learning JavaScript here. Why You Love Online Quizzeslast_img read more

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A Q&A with Myun Sook Kwon, President of Intel Korea: What Will Intel Bring to the Korea SDN/NFV Forum?

first_imgQ1: Intel is engaged in a number of SDN and NFV community and standards-developing organizations worldwide. What is the reasoning behind joining the new Korea SDN/NFV Forum?A1: Intel Korea is firmly committed to helping enable our local Korean partner ecosystem to fully participate and benefit from the transformation of the global networking industry towards software-defined networking (SDN) and network functions virtualization (NFV). Incorporating the latest SDN and NFV standards and open source technologies from initiatives such as OpenStack, OpenDaylight, OPNFV, OpenFlow and others into a coherent, value-added and stable software platform is complex. Working with our partners in the Korea SDN/NFV Forum, we are hoping to contribute to reducing this complexity, thereby accelerating the usage of SDN and NFV in Korea itself as well as globally through the export solutions of the Korean ICT industry.Q2: What can Intel contribute to the Korea SDN/NFV Forum?A2: Intel has been at the forefront of SDN and NFV technology for more than five years. During that time, the company has invested in working with a wide range of technology partners to develop cutting-edge SDN/NFV hardware and software, as well the best practices for rapid deployment. This customer-centric expertise in architecting, developing and deploying SDN/NFV in cloud, enterprise data center and telecommunication networks is core to our contribution to the Korea SDN/NFV Forum.Another concrete example of our expertise is a deep level of experience in testing and validating SDN/NFV hardware and software solutions, which is an important component when developing credible proofs-of-concept (PoC) for the next generation of SDN/NFV software. In addition, Intel has been operating Intel Network Builders, an SDN/NFV ecosystem program for solution partners and end-users. Products / solutions developed by Korea SDN/NFV Forum members can be leveraged by the ecosystem members to promote their solutions globally.Q3: Are there any specific working groups within the Forum that Intel will focus on?A3:  Intel plans to contribute to the success of all working groups with a focus on the standard technology, service PoC, policy development, and international relations working groups. Through the global Intel network, we are also aiming to assist in the collaboration of the Korea SDN/NFV Forum with other international organizations.Q4: What is Intel’s main goal for participating in the Korea SDN/NFV Forum in 2015?A4: Primarily, we want add value by helping the SDN/NFV Forum to get established and become a true source of SDN/NFV innovation for our partner ICT ecosystem here in Korea.last_img read more

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Meralco suspends Kelly Nabong

first_imgPhoto by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netKelly Nabong will not play for Meralco on Tuesday for Game 2 of its 2017 PBA Governors’ Cup semifinals series against Star.Bolts team manager Paolo Trillo relayed that the fifth-year center has been indefinitely suspended by the team after his brush with assistant coach Jimmy Alapag late in Game 1 last Sunday.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. The Bolts shoot for a 2-0 lead against Star later today at Sta. Rosa Multipurpose Complex in Sta. Rosa, Laguna.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LATEST STORIES Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Winter storm threatens to scramble Thanksgiving travel plans ‘A complete lie:’ Drilon refutes ‘blabbermouth’ Salo’s claims Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games No more menthol cigarettes: New ban on tobacco, vape flavors View comments MOST READ Argentine bishop appears at court hearing on abuse charges Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim San Beda evades upset, ousts Perpetual Jordan delivers on promise: 2 Cobra choppers now in PH Trump to designate Mexican drug cartels as terrorist groups “Kelly Nabong is suspended indefinitely for conduct unbecoming of a PBA player and for conduct detrimental to the team,” the executive shared in a statement.Nabong figured in an verbal spat against Alapag last Sunday. The two needed to separated in the Meralco bench.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingFrustrated, the bruiser was seen tearing his jersey as he sat at the far end of the bench at Alonte Sports Arena in Biñan, Laguna before quickly making his exit after the Bolts pulled off the 72-66 victory against the Hotshots.The Fil-Am center was also the first man out of the Meralco dugout.last_img read more

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